Everyone can agree that engine oil is one of the most important factor in determining the performance of the engine in any given vehicle, be it a two wheeler or a four wheeler.
Engine oil, if selected appropriately, will ensure that the impurities such as carbon and soot deposits are kept away. It helps in lubricating the parts of the engine and to keep them running smoothly while minimizing friction and engine component wear. It also draws heat away from lubricated engine components, thus keeping the engine temperature constant. All these roles of Engine Oil ensure to maintain a healthy Engine and to increase the health of the two wheeler or a four wheeler.
There are various factors for selection of the engine oil. Depending on the base oil type, they are mainly classified into 3 types -synthetic, semi-synthetic and mineral. Below is a brief about each one of them:
- Synthetic oils : These are made from chemically modified Mineral Oils. Most modern engine oils available are synthetic. Synthetic oils are purer than mineral oils. It is the most expensive type of oil available and is recommended for high performance engines.
- Semi synthetic oils: As the name suggests, semi synthetic oil means that a tiny amount of synthetic oil is mixed and blended with mineral oil. It is a good option for those who want extra performance from the oil without the high price of the synthetic oil.
- Mineral oils : These are a product of refined crude oil, which is made after removing the contaminants. Due to this, the performance is on the lower side, as compared to synthetic and semi-synthetic oils.
Once familiar with the three basic types of engine oils, we need to know how to read the fine prints on the oil can:
- Engine Oil Grades : You might have seen oil cans printed with a combination of letters and numbers like 20W50 Oil and so on. Here, W stands for winter and the number before it stands for the viscosity index. The lower the number , the better the oil is for engines that would require to have cold starts. The number that comes after the W is an indication for the oil to withstand its properties. A higher number indicates better consistency of oil at higher temperatures.
- Viscosity : Viscosity is an index which indicates the consistency of the oil. A lower viscosity oil will flow faster and freerer. Choosing an engine oil with wrong viscosity may lead to metal grinding on metal within the engine and thus its efficiency is lost.
- Additives : The addition of additives in the engine oil is a great way to remove the debris and neutralize the acidity. They are a catalyst to the oils and help to better cool and lubricate the engine.
Based on the above factors, below are the best engine oils for Hero And Yamaha bikes service under Rs.1000:
- Motul 7100 4T : It is a high performance, cheap and fully synthetic engine oil. Costing near to thousand rupees, Motul 7100 4T is the most successful engine oil in India. It is compatible with most Hero and Yamaha bikes.
- Shell Advance Ultra : This is the best engine oil for 100cc bikes. Costing around only 600 rupees, it is cheap and works for most bikes.
- Shell Rotella T6 Synthetic Oil : This fully synthetic oil is specially made for high performance engines. This oil meets the ever changing demands of present day and keeps your bike’s engine at a pace mode.
- Motul 3100 4T Gold : It is a semi synthetic oil. It is best suited for pulsars and avengers. It is cheap at around 600 rupees and is very similar to synthetic oils.
It is recommended to get a change of engine oils for your bikes at Hero services and Yamaha services. By doing so, you can get your first oil change free of cost at the first service itself. As a rule, engine oil should be changed every 3000 to 5000 kilometers.